देश का वो इलाका जहां धरती पाताल में समा रही हैं ।

100 साल से क्यों सुलग रहा #Jhakhand का शहर ‘झरिया’, जहां धरती के नीचे है आग का दरिया

Jharia Burning 100 Years
Jharia Burning 100 Years

झारखंड के धनबाद ऐसा जिला हैं जो कोयले की खान के लिए जाना जाता है। यहां पर झरिया एक ऐसा शहर है जहां पर सबसे अधिक मात्रा में अच्छी क्वालिटी का कोयला पाया जाता है। पुरे झारखंड में सबसे अधिक कोयला इसी स्थान पर पाया जाता है। इसी झरिया से पुरे वर्ल्ड में कोयला निर्यात किया जाता हैं । पुरे देश में उद्योगों के लिए कोयला यही से जाता हैं ।

इस कोल् फायर एरिया में जमीन 100 सालों से आग से धधक रही है। इसकी वजह से वहां के स्थानीय लोगों के स्वास्थ्य पर भी काफी बुरा असर पड़ रहा है। स्थानीय लोग इससे बहुत परेशां हैं और यहाँ के प्रदुषण के चलते लोग बीमार हो रहे हैं । पिने का पानी भी साफ़ नहीं आता हैं ।

Jharia Like Hell
Jharia Like Hell

स्थानीय लोगों का कहना है कि- जब इस इलाके में बारिश होती है तब कोयले का काला विषैला पानी हमारे घरों के अंदर आ जाता है इसके साथ काफी जहरीला धुंआ भी घरों के अंदर आ जाता है जिससे सांस लेने में काफी परेशानी होती है। जमीन के अंदर 24 घंटे आग लगे रहने के कारण जमीन के धंसने का भी खतरा हर वक्त बना रहता है।

बारिश में बढ़ती जमीन की दहक

बारिश शुरू होने के साथ ही झरिया की जमीन की दहक और बढ़ जाती है। जमीन से निकल रहीं गैसें हवा को जहरीला बना रहीं हैं। राजापुर, लिलोरी पथरा, बस्ताकोला, घनुडीह, इंदिरा चौक, बरारी समेत कई इलाके हैं जहां भू-धंसान और गोफ की घटनाएं लोगों की जिंदगी का हिस्सा बन चुकी हैं। बारिश होने के बाद यहाँ की ज़िन्दगी नर्क के सामान हो जाती हैं । लोग चाहते हैं कि वो अच्छी और सेफ जगह में रहे ताकि वो बेचैन होकर ज़िन्दगी जी सकें ।

विशेषज्ञों की मानें तो भूमिगत आग के कारण कोयला राख हो जाता है। ऐसे में जमीन खोखली होने पर धंस जाती है। एक अन्य कारण भी है। कोयला निकालने के बाद खाली स्थान पर बालू नहीं भरी गई। बारिश के कारण पानी जमीन में प्रवेश करता है। पानी से मिट्टी कटाव के कारण धंसान हो जाता है। अवैध खनन ने इस समस्या को और भी बढ़ाया है।

Watch how Jharia, A city of Jharkhand, is sitting on an inferno for 100 years | Exclusive

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Jharia Has Been Burning For 100 Years

The Most Polluted City 2020 : Jharia : झरिया देश का सबसे ज्यादा प्रदूषित शहर

Jharia Master Plan – Dealing With Fire, Subsidence & Rehabilitation

Jharia Coal Mines and Pollution Control

The Most Polluted City 2020 : Jharia : झरिया देश का सबसे ज्यादा प्रदूषित शहर

The Most Polluted City 2020 : Jharia, Dhanbad is the second one

झरिया देश का सबसे ज्यादा प्रदूषित शहर

A latest survey came and it is found that Jharia has become the most polluted city in India and Dhanbad is the second one after Jharia. I remember, 5 years ago, Dhanbad was the most polluted city and now took second position. Greenpeace India has shared their new report on the pollution level of India and people of Jharia and Dhanbad shocked to know about it.

The Most Polluted City 2020 : Jharia
The Most Polluted City 2020 : Jharia

It is true also. The pollution level of Jharia and Dhanbad are very high due to its coal mining.

Jharkhand’s Jharia most polluted city in India: Green India Report




Jharkhand’s Dhanbad, which is known for its rich coal area and reserves and many industries are there, is the second-most polluted city in India, which is told by the report based on analysis of PM10 data from 287 cities across the country.

And If you want to know the least polluted city, we will tell you that according to that Green Indian report, Lunglei in Mizoram is the least polluted followed by Meghalaya’s Dowki.

Top 10 Polluted Cities in India



Six of the top-10 polluted cities are in Uttar Pradesh — Noida, Ghaziabad, Bareilly, Allahabad, Moradabad and Firozabad

  1. Jharia
  2. Dhanbad
  3. Noida
  4. Gaziabad
  5. Ahmedabad
  6. Bareilly
  7. Allahabad
  8. Moradabad
  9. Firozabad
  10. New Delhi

Delhi is the 10th-most polluted city in India, it was at the eighth spot a year ago.

झरिया देश का सबसे ज्यादा प्रदूषित शहर
झरिया देश का सबसे ज्यादा प्रदूषित शहर

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How To Deal With Pollution By Coal Dust, Coal Mining, Coal Pollution

Jharia Coal Mines and Pollution Control

देश के प्रदूषित शहरों में झरिया- धनबाद का स्थान पहले नंबर पर

Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti

Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti

Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti
Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti

Official Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/jhariacoalfieldbachao.samiti

Whom To Contact: 083404 45564

Year of Found – 23 July 1994

About Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti

A non-governmental organisation called Jharia Bachao Andolan Samiti (Save Jharia Movement Committee) has been fighting for safe mining, proper rehabilitation and fire fighting since 1994. Many other small groups have also been formed [3].

I want to share the points which has been raised by Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti here: Have a look!

Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti : Coal india और भारत सरकार झरिया से coking कोयला निकाल कर बर्बाद कर रही है।इसे पॉवर प्लांट को भेजा जाता है । जिस पर सिंफर के वैज्ञानिकों ने भी चिंता जताई है। बड़े दुख की बात है कि GOI—CIL कोई इसे सुनता नहीं है।

कोयला मंत्री पीयूष गोएल ने 14.06.2016 को धनबाद आकर कहा था कि झरिया की जमीन का अधिग्रहण नहीं किया जाएगा । यहां से कोयला नहीं निकाला जाएगा ।झरिया कोल फील्ड बचाओ समिति ने इसका स्वागत किया और कहा कि बीसीसीएल तुरंत यहां से कोयला उत्पादन बंद करे। झरिया वाले खुश रहेंगे और सरकार को भी एक बड़े राजस्व का लाभ होगा। मुआवजा भी नहीं देना पड़ेगा।झारियाके लोग सुरक्षित रहेंगे।
लेकिन नेता लोग कहते कुछ और हैं करते कुछ और हैं। कब नेता सुधरेंगे। तभी झरिया का भला होगा।

Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti vs Coal India Limited on 21 September, 2017

Check This Link : https://indiankanoon.org/doc/169740500/

You can read here also the whole side Jharia CoalField Bachao Samiti:

https://www.newsclick.in/how-coal-mining-jharia-causing-human-and-environmental-disaster

Life Of People In Jharia

Picture Says a Lot: See our Photography

Jharia and its fire underground
Jharia and its fire underground

About The Lives Of People In The Coalfields Of Jharia

Jharia is a city that is known for its coal fields which have been mined from 1894, during the time of the British rule. Such is the need of coal from this particular city that mining was done extensively without any attention given to the air and water pollution that it caused.

The first underground fire that happened was in 1916 and over the coming decades, about 17.32 square kilometers of land is under the rage of continuous fires. However due to efforts to cut down on their devastation, the fire raging has been curbed to 2.18 square kilometers.

Life Of People In Jharia Coalfields

Why is Jharia so important for coal mining when there are other coal fields available? The reason lies behind the quality of coal available in these mines which are the high grade ones needed to make steel. Hence the need for coal mined here is greater than in other places which remove the possibility of reduced mining and elimination of fires.

However, along with this need has plunged the life of people in the city of Jharia. For more than a century now, they are witnessing how the underground fire has raged through the city and everyday experience its negative effects.

Village homes constructed here are above the fires and it is not uncommon to see that the ground getting hot, cracking and suddenly tearing apart, causing fire and noxious gases to come into the home.

Jharia Coal Mine and People’s Life

Walls can be seen with cracks and are in a highly deteriorated state wherein they are crumbling heavily. Life expectancy of people living here has been reduced by ten years. The total number of families affected by fires is about 100,000 and they need to be relocated right away.

People who have been living in Jharia for the past century have endured with the many health problems arising from the pollution caused by underground fires.

Their daily food intake, the air they breathe and also their everyday life is charred with the smoke of fires raging around them. Many inhabitants who owned lands and homes here have had to abandon them, without any hope of salvaging on their ownership due to the heavy smoke and its ensuring health problems.

Diseases Due to coal mining, gas and Pollution

You can see so mny building structures falling apart and many homes heavily covered in soot and without their owners. People involved in coal mining develop black lung disease which can lead to lung cancer.

Sulphur, nitrogen and carbon oxides that get into the air pollute it and cause difficult respiratory diseases such as asthma and bronchitis.  Various gastrointestinal problems, hepatitis and other similar diseases affect people when they take in polluted water,

One of the key areas of concern is the rehabilitation of fire affected families into new homes, for which the Jharia Rehabilitation and Development Authority (JRDA) has an annual funding of 5 billion rupees but cannot put it into constructive use easily as they are unable to find proper lands for home construction.

A key area of concern is that most families living here are old fashioned and hence have extended living in many rooms inside a large property. So an appropriate plan has to be implemented to relocate them together amidst a scenario in which the properties that can be constructed today are just two bedroom ones for rehabilitation. 

Related Post:

Jharia Has Been Burning For 100 Years

How To Deal With Pollution By Coal Dust, Coal Mining, Coal Pollution

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Jharia Has Been Burning For 100 Years

Jharia Burning in Flames for a century!

A  fine sparkle of fire can lead to utter devastation in life and property, as well. Such is the enormous power of Fire. But there is a place in India which has been burning with massive flames for the past hundred years. Sounds Impossible.

Jharia Has Been Burning For 100 Years

Jharia coal mines in Dhanbad city of Jharkhand are the most prominent coal mines in India. They are well renowned for their production of “Coke.” Though the Britishers initially managed the mines, Gujarati people took over the control post the independence.

These mines are widespread in over 100 square miles of Area. And the underground flames were first experienced in 1916. And since these hazardous flames have remained untamed.

Jharia Coal mine is still burning?

Though the current government under the supervision of Prime Minister Narendra Modi is making immense efforts to cease such grave concern, it would certainly cost India a huge economic crisis, which is quite sensitive at this moment of time.

It would cost a massive 1 billion dollars to evacuate the place and find the workers a new shelter to live and also to shut the untameable flames beneath the ground.

These lethal flames are now aggravating to more than 50 feet, which can certainly be felt by the workers or the nearby natives around the mines. But the question which arises in everyone’s mind is why was this grave-concern not ceased in its initial stages?

Is economy more important than the lives of the innocents? Is there no regard for human life? But these people have nowhere else to go as well and to manage the burden of their responsibilities, and it becomes inevitable for them to pick up their tools and work day in day out to satisfy the pangs in their stomachs. People are certainly living on the edge of the sword in Jharia Coal mines.

Jharia CoalField Underground Fire

Jharia underground fires have to lead to a certain blockage of coal, as well. It is estimated that 37 million tons of coal have succumbed to the brutal power of Flames.

Though it is not impossible to shut the flames down, certain measures can eventually lead to preventing the harmful effects of the underground flames. At this moment, the workers have access to the Gps and other motion detectors, which makes it quite easy for them to detect a danger-prone area.

But, it is just like avoiding the inevitable. The government should take immediate measures to avoid a huge catastrophe, which would consume a huge population and property as well.

Jharia Coal Mine Fire and It’s Impact

In the current scenario, The harmful elements which are extracted from the coal mines have 40% effluents of toxic Hydrogen compounds. This certainly is life threatening by all means.

The oxidation breaths fire to these flames, which is the sole reason why underground flames are aggravating for such a long period. Thus, the government should invest in controlling such elements as well.

These sorts of underground fires have even prevailed in countries like the USA and China, as well. But it seems that the whole world is specifically putting the blame on Indian territory for the emission of hazardous elements causing damages to the Ozone layer as well.

But the Indian government desperately needs to focus on the lives of thousands of people living in such sensitive places, as no one knows what nature is going to offer in the very next moment!

Jharia-झरिया में लगी है दुनिया की सबसे खौफनाक आग/100 years fire

Jharia-झरिया में लगी है दुनिया की सबसे खौफनाक आग/100 years fire

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झरिया खाली करो का नोटिस

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Jharia Rehabilitation & Development Authority JRDA