Jharia Coal Mines and Pollution Control

About India’s Jharia Coal Mines

It is surprising and also disturbing to note that what offers scope for huge commercial profits is also an immense source of pollution and the worst health ailments that mankind has ever known. We are talking about the Jharia coalfields.  It consists of 23 mines that lay underground and 9 large open ones, all now burning with high flames.

Jharia and its fire underground
Jharia and its fire underground

Jharia coalfield fire started 100 years ago

The fires raging in Jharia’s coal mines have been going on an astounding hundred years. It’s very difficult to put out any of them because once a coal seam has been ignited, unless it is snuffed early, it will go on for tens to even hundreds of years. So, though the abundant coal fields of Jharia are the most productive in the country, yielding very high quality coal, they are also the source of the worst pollutants.

Jharia coal Fire

Jharia Coal Mines and Pollution Control
Jharia Coal Mines and Pollution Control

A huge amount of poisonous gases are let into the atmosphere from mines on the surface. Furthermore, fires burning in the underground mines here have also created massive sinkholes that have taken the lives of many. Emissions from these fires are highly toxic as tests show that they have 40 to 50 hydrocarbons mentioned in britannica.com, many of which are carcinogenic. No steps were taken in the past on pollution and environment control here.

Impact of coal mining on the environment and people living close by 

Coal contains sulfur and many dangerous metals such as lead, arsenic and mercury, which get released into the air when it is burnt and this is great risk for our health . As coal is largely made up of carbon, it releases a tremendous amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which is known to increase the greenhouse effect and cause global warming. When coal is extracted on the subsurface area, the mines have a tendency to collapse thus trapping miners.

People living closely the mines get black lung disease from pollutants arising from burning coal and coal particles. They can also get lung inflammation and respiratory problems. Coal that is removed from mountains results in removal of layers from the mountain top, which changes the landscape and disrupts the fragile ecosystem in the area. The smoke can also affect water bodies, contaminate them and increase their acidity levels. Land around the coal mine is unfertile and no vegetation grows in it. The temperature of the area increases and this combined with smoke can cause suffocation.

Here is the report by New York Times

“Dr. S. K. Bhagania in his private clinic in Jharia, holding up an X-ray for a coal-mining patient revealing a mass in the lungs. Many of those working in the coal industry and living near the open fires suffer from severe respiratory ailments including tuberculosis, pneumoconiosis and asthma. Credit Souvid Datta”

Jharia People suffer from severe respiratory ailments
Jharia People suffer from severe respiratory ailments

If The Environment and Health Problems Due To Coal Mining Are So Bad, Why Are We Still Relying On Jharia Coal Mines as a Source of Energy?

The Jharia coal mines were initiated in the late 1800s. The first fire broke out in 1916 and till today, it continues to rage, thus contributing to global warming. The question arises… why any action is not taken by the government to stop work in these mines completely.

The answer is simple. These coal mines provide the highest quality coal in the country and mining coal from them fuels the country’s rapid economic growth.  It also stops the country from importing this grade of coal for energy purposes. While countries in the West are now thriving because of their huge technological advancement, developing nations like India, still really on coal resources for energy supply. Though the Modi Government has given hopes of making heavy investment into Solar energy, still it is not possible to move right away into it.

Furthermore, Jharia coal fields have not been used to their complete potential as a huge amount of coal is lost to burning fires. Before taking action on how to put out the fires, we must learn how much is financial lost by the burning fires. It is estimated that 37 million tons of coal, with could have fetched billions of dollars if they had been mined has been lost to the fires.

Adding to this is another 1.4 billion metric tons of coal which cannot be accessed anymore as raging fires are blocking them. These huge figures make it imperative for them to be put down right away so that their potential can be turned into a huge economical gain for the country.

By putting out the fires huge profits can be gained from them. Hence talks are in progress to have them put out for this purpose… the question is when will that happen completely?

What Is The Government Doing About The Health And Environmental Issues Of Coal Mining? 

The first step taken by the government towards this is seen in efforts to relocate villages and settlements at a further distance from the mines, so that the fires can be extinguished. This is also protecting people from the pollution caused by their flames. These activities are expensive and the estimated cost is 1 billion dollars.

The next step is initiation of activities that put out the fires. In case of near surface fires, the area above the fire has to be smoothened out so that heavy equipment can be taken over it. The entire fire zone is then cordoned into a grid structure and holes are drilled in it about 20 meters apart.

Water is injected into the holes and this process must go on for one or two years. The area should be then covered by silt. Underground fires can be extinguished by first isolating the affected area with dam constructions and then feeding an inert gas like nitrogen through pipelines into the area for a period of time to douse flames. These methods should be followed to put out Jharia coal field fires and make them usable again.

I have taken some photographs which has been used in Sabji Patti Jharia Durga Puja Pandal to show the truth about Jharia. Have a look:

Updated: 3-2-2019 Jharia has become the most polluted city in the whole country due to its coal dust

The Green Peace India has shared its report and found that Jharia has become the most polluted city in India. Dhanbad is in 9th position. Here is the newspaper cutting which I am going to share with you. After this news, Jharia people started movement to save Jharia.

Share your comments and opinions in the comment section to discuss about the Jharia Coal Mines and Pollution control.

Jharia and its Near Regions in Jharkhand at Fire

Jharia and its Near Regions in Jharkhand at Fire

Hello Friends

I am Ravi kumar and would like to take your attention towards the most dangerous issue of Jharia and its near by regions. I just collected some news and write about the same so that People could be aware of their place and its near by places.

Jharia Fire

A recent news in Prabhat Khabar – It is very clear that the underground fire is growing rapidly in Jharia and its near by places like Mahuda, Katras, Sijua, Kendua, Bhowrah, Lodna etc. From this underground fire, the coal of more than crores are wasting and pollution is increasing. People’s life is in danger. Anytime land subsidence can happen and it can take all people inside.

Jharia Mahuda land slide same as earthquake 2016
Jharia Mahuda land slide same as earthquake 2016

We today read news paper daily regarding the land subsidence, gas emissions, 1 people died from fire, 2 people died from underground fire etc but very sorry to say that we do not read any such news  like what they are doing? what steps are they following, from the concern department who are working on these underground fires. That Time is not so far when we will be in great danger or hazard.

Underground Fire Jharia Mahuda area
Underground Fire Jharia Mahuda area

I again saw a news on the same, in recent case, the large amount of land has been swamped and started gas emission. This is being said that the underground fire is the cause of this land slide. In Sudamdih Chip House New East Bhowrah, suddenly two houses gone inside the earth and gas emission has started.

land subsidence underground fire gas emission
land subsidence underground fire gas emission

I know one person in Facebook who has posted the following pictures and these pictures came from Ramgarh Area, Jharkhand. Let see the pictures:

About 4-5 places are burning from underground fire Bhurkunda Dist Ramgarh in Jharkhand
About 4-5 places are burning from underground fire Bhurkunda Dist Ramgarh in Jharkhand

This Picture came from Dinesh Rajgadia and he said the following in his Facebook Post:

Coal fire in my town

This is a sample of Jharia fire in coal at my area Bhurkunda Dist Ramgarh in Jharkhand.

About 4-5 places are burning.

We are going to became next Jharia !

Protest it !
Share it to everyone so that coal India officials and govt authorities take notice

Some Important Points:

  1. Several hundreds of crores of rupees of valuable Coal is burning
  2. India’s Property is wasting
  3. Pollution is increasing rapidly, Visit for Jharia and its pollution control
  4. People’s Life is in danger and stake, they can be die anytime
  5. Environment Hazard
  6. Severe environmental threat

Note: Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s already announced earlier in 2015 of a rapid solution to the problem. It is also discussed in recent Paris Environment conference 2015.

Please give your valuable feedback on the same in the comment section.

* Jharia and its Near Regions in Jharkhand at Fire

Looking for Guest Author for My Website Jharia.in

Looking for Guest Author for My Website Jharia.in


I am pretty much concern about the environment and increasing pollution in our Area Jharia, which is my native place too.

I am a blogger/writer and writes about various concerns in India and all over the world. I started one website called Jharia.in in which I want to inform people at world level about Jharia and its environment. That is why I am looking for some Guest Authors and Writers of Jharia and its connected Areas. So that they can express their views about their areas in website Jharia.in.

If you are also concerned about Jharia Coal Mines pollution and bad environments where people are dying due to lung cancer.

So, Lets come together and raise the issues of our areas in Jharia.in. Reply this ads at info@gsesoftsolutions.com