A non-governmental organisation called Jharia Bachao Andolan Samiti (Save Jharia Movement Committee) has been fighting for safe mining, proper rehabilitation and fire fighting since 1994. Many other small groups have also been formed .
I want to share the points which has been raised by Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti here: Have a look!
Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti : Coal india और भारत सरकार झरिया से coking कोयला निकाल कर बर्बाद कर रही है।इसे पॉवर प्लांट को भेजा जाता है । जिस पर सिंफर के वैज्ञानिकों ने भी चिंता जताई है। बड़े दुख की बात है कि GOI—CIL कोई इसे सुनता नहीं है।
कोयला मंत्री पीयूष गोएल ने 14.06.2016 को धनबाद आकर कहा था कि झरिया की जमीन का अधिग्रहण नहीं किया जाएगा । यहां से कोयला नहीं निकाला जाएगा ।झरिया कोल फील्ड बचाओ समिति ने इसका स्वागत किया और कहा कि बीसीसीएल तुरंत यहां से कोयला उत्पादन बंद करे। झरिया वाले खुश रहेंगे और सरकार को भी एक बड़े राजस्व का लाभ होगा। मुआवजा भी नहीं देना पड़ेगा।झारियाके लोग सुरक्षित रहेंगे। लेकिन नेता लोग कहते कुछ और हैं करते कुछ और हैं। कब नेता सुधरेंगे। तभी झरिया का भला होगा।
Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti vs Coal India Limited on 21 September, 2017
About The Lives Of People In The
Coalfields Of Jharia
Jharia is a city that is known for its coal fields which
have been mined from 1894, during the time of the British rule. Such is the
need of coal from this particular city that mining was done extensively without
any attention given to the air and water pollution that it caused.
The first underground fire that happened was in 1916 and
over the coming decades, about 17.32 square kilometers of land is under the
rage of continuous fires. However due to efforts to cut down on their
devastation, the fire raging has been curbed to 2.18 square kilometers.
Life Of People In Jharia Coalfields
Why is Jharia so important for coal mining when there are
other coal fields available? The reason lies behind the quality of coal
available in these mines which are the high grade ones needed to make steel.
Hence the need for coal mined here is greater than in other places which remove
the possibility of reduced mining and elimination of fires.
However, along with this need has plunged the life of people
in the city of Jharia. For more than a century now, they are witnessing how the
underground fire has raged through the city and everyday experience its
Village homes constructed here are above the fires and it is not uncommon to see that the ground getting hot, cracking and suddenly tearing apart, causing fire and noxious gases to come into the home.
Jharia Coal Mine and People’s Life
Walls can be seen with cracks and are in a highly
deteriorated state wherein they are crumbling heavily. Life expectancy of
people living here has been reduced by ten years. The total number of families
affected by fires is about 100,000 and they need to be relocated right away.
People who have been living in Jharia for the past century have endured with the many health problems arising from the pollution caused by underground fires.
Their daily food intake, the air they breathe and also their everyday life is charred with the smoke of fires raging around them. Many inhabitants who owned lands and homes here have had to abandon them, without any hope of salvaging on their ownership due to the heavy smoke and its ensuring health problems.
Diseases Due to coal mining, gas and Pollution
You can see so mny building structures falling apart and
many homes heavily covered in soot and without their owners. People involved in
coal mining develop black lung disease which can lead to lung cancer.
Sulphur, nitrogen and carbon oxides that get into the air
pollute it and cause difficult respiratory diseases such as asthma and
bronchitis. Various gastrointestinal
problems, hepatitis and other similar diseases affect people when they take in
One of the key areas of concern is the rehabilitation of fire affected families into new homes, for which the Jharia Rehabilitation and Development Authority (JRDA) has an annual funding of 5 billion rupees but cannot put it into constructive use easily as they are unable to find proper lands for home construction.
A key area of concern is that most families living here are old fashioned and hence have extended living in many rooms inside a large property. So an appropriate plan has to be implemented to relocate them together amidst a scenario in which the properties that can be constructed today are just two bedroom ones for rehabilitation.
In coal fire, there are some people who are working good for our society and open a resource center for Divyang Kids called “Samawesi Shiksha”. Doctor Manoj and Akhlaque Ahmed are working good for our society specially towards “Samawesi Shiksha“.
In Jharia, The center is located at Prakhand Prasadhan Kentra, Raj Ground Jharia.
In this center, there is a special education available for divyang kids under Samawesi Shiksha. We salute to such organization and people who are working on this. I am going to share some photographs and its Facebook Group. You can also join and get latest news from this organization.
Youth Concept, an NGO, Katras More Jharia has organized an event tribute to Mohammad Rafi, Padma Shree Awarded with the collaboration with BCCL, Geetanjali Heights, Sharda Sangit Bharti. Sri Satish Chandra, State Disability commissioner, Jharkhand was the chief guest. Sri B.K. Panda, Retd, Director(P), BCCL was the special guest.
There are many BCCL employees, Divyang Kids, professional singers of Sharda Sangit Bharti had performed and won the people’s love. Youth Concept is doing good for divyang kids in rural areas.
Motivational Speaker, Author of many popular books including ‘You can win’
Born: 23 August 1961 (age 55), Dhanbad
Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/shivkhera
3. Madhurima Tuli
An Indian actress in Bollywood and South Indian films and television.
Born: 13 May 1985 (age 32), Dhanbad
4. Zeishan Quadri
An Indian writer, actor, director and producer
Born: 18 March 1983 (age 34), Wasseypur, Dhanbad
5. Meiyang Chang
Indian actor, television host, singer of Chinese descent and Dentist
Born: 6 October 1982 (age 34), Dhanbad
6. Aseem Mishra
Indian cinematographer, Few of his films are New York, Ek Tha Tiger, Dabangg 2, Bajrangi Bhaijaan and Phantom etc
7. Chetan Joshi
Noted flautist in the Hindustani Classical Music tradition
8. Bibhu Bhattacharya
Bengali Indian male actor of TV and films
Born: Jharia, Bihar, British India (now Jharia, Jharkhand, India)
9. Minakshi Sheshadri
An Indian model, film actress and dancer who mainly appeared in Hindi films.
Born: 16 November 1963 (age 53), Dhanbad
10. Deven Sharma
An executive, and the president of Standard & Poor’s, a Division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.
Born: 1956 (age 60–61) Dhanbad,Bihar Now Jharkhand, India
Father: R.N. Sharma(He was a chairman of Bharat Coking Coal Ltd, Dhanbad)
11. Pooja Chatterjee
Indian Idol 3 Finalist, Professional Singer
12. Mr. Ambarish Mitra
Indian entrepreneur and famous for founding Blippar
13. Rita Verma
Indian politician and a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party
Born: 15 July 1953 (age 63), Bihar
Lived in Dhanbad
14. Chandra Shekhar Dubey
He Was Cabinet minister in Jharkhand government also named Dadai Dubey is a member of the Indian National Congress political party.
Born: 2 January 1946 (age 71), Garhwa, Jharkhand, Lived Dhanbad
15. Pashupati Nath Singh
Indian politician from BJP. He is a member of the Indian Parliament represents Dhanabad
Lived : Dhanbad
16. Raj Sinha
An Indian politician and member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. Sinha is a member of the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly from the Dhanbad constituency in Dhanbad district.
Live : Dhanbad
17. Sanjeev Singh
An Indian politician and member of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
A member of the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly from the Jharia constituency in Dhanbad district.
18. Niraj Singh
Former Deputy Mayor
19. Chandra Shekhar Agarwal
20. Shankar Rao
An Indian first-class cricketer who plays for Jharkhand
Born: 6 December 1982 (age 34) Dhanbad, India
21.Sudeep Ranjan Sarkar
Indian Film Director
Born: 28 June 1972 (age 44) Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India
Website: http://nezgroup.org/, http://umformung.in/
22. S.B. Sinha
A jurist and a former judge of the Supreme Court of India appointed by A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Born: August 8, 1944 Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India
I will add more and more famous people of Dhanbad, if you know anyone, please inform through comment section or contact us.