A non-governmental organisation called Jharia Bachao Andolan Samiti (Save Jharia Movement Committee) has been fighting for safe mining, proper rehabilitation and fire fighting since 1994. Many other small groups have also been formed .
I want to share the points which has been raised by Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti here: Have a look!
Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti : Coal india और भारत सरकार झरिया से coking कोयला निकाल कर बर्बाद कर रही है।इसे पॉवर प्लांट को भेजा जाता है । जिस पर सिंफर के वैज्ञानिकों ने भी चिंता जताई है। बड़े दुख की बात है कि GOI—CIL कोई इसे सुनता नहीं है।
कोयला मंत्री पीयूष गोएल ने 14.06.2016 को धनबाद आकर कहा था कि झरिया की जमीन का अधिग्रहण नहीं किया जाएगा । यहां से कोयला नहीं निकाला जाएगा ।झरिया कोल फील्ड बचाओ समिति ने इसका स्वागत किया और कहा कि बीसीसीएल तुरंत यहां से कोयला उत्पादन बंद करे। झरिया वाले खुश रहेंगे और सरकार को भी एक बड़े राजस्व का लाभ होगा। मुआवजा भी नहीं देना पड़ेगा।झारियाके लोग सुरक्षित रहेंगे। लेकिन नेता लोग कहते कुछ और हैं करते कुछ और हैं। कब नेता सुधरेंगे। तभी झरिया का भला होगा।
Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti vs Coal India Limited on 21 September, 2017
About The Lives Of People In The
Coalfields Of Jharia
Jharia is a city that is known for its coal fields which
have been mined from 1894, during the time of the British rule. Such is the
need of coal from this particular city that mining was done extensively without
any attention given to the air and water pollution that it caused.
The first underground fire that happened was in 1916 and
over the coming decades, about 17.32 square kilometers of land is under the
rage of continuous fires. However due to efforts to cut down on their
devastation, the fire raging has been curbed to 2.18 square kilometers.
Life Of People In Jharia Coalfields
Why is Jharia so important for coal mining when there are
other coal fields available? The reason lies behind the quality of coal
available in these mines which are the high grade ones needed to make steel.
Hence the need for coal mined here is greater than in other places which remove
the possibility of reduced mining and elimination of fires.
However, along with this need has plunged the life of people
in the city of Jharia. For more than a century now, they are witnessing how the
underground fire has raged through the city and everyday experience its
Village homes constructed here are above the fires and it is not uncommon to see that the ground getting hot, cracking and suddenly tearing apart, causing fire and noxious gases to come into the home.
Jharia Coal Mine and People’s Life
Walls can be seen with cracks and are in a highly
deteriorated state wherein they are crumbling heavily. Life expectancy of
people living here has been reduced by ten years. The total number of families
affected by fires is about 100,000 and they need to be relocated right away.
People who have been living in Jharia for the past century have endured with the many health problems arising from the pollution caused by underground fires.
Their daily food intake, the air they breathe and also their everyday life is charred with the smoke of fires raging around them. Many inhabitants who owned lands and homes here have had to abandon them, without any hope of salvaging on their ownership due to the heavy smoke and its ensuring health problems.
Diseases Due to coal mining, gas and Pollution
You can see so mny building structures falling apart and
many homes heavily covered in soot and without their owners. People involved in
coal mining develop black lung disease which can lead to lung cancer.
Sulphur, nitrogen and carbon oxides that get into the air
pollute it and cause difficult respiratory diseases such as asthma and
bronchitis. Various gastrointestinal
problems, hepatitis and other similar diseases affect people when they take in
One of the key areas of concern is the rehabilitation of fire affected families into new homes, for which the Jharia Rehabilitation and Development Authority (JRDA) has an annual funding of 5 billion rupees but cannot put it into constructive use easily as they are unable to find proper lands for home construction.
A key area of concern is that most families living here are old fashioned and hence have extended living in many rooms inside a large property. So an appropriate plan has to be implemented to relocate them together amidst a scenario in which the properties that can be constructed today are just two bedroom ones for rehabilitation.
A fine sparkle of fire can lead to utter devastation in life and property, as well. Such is the enormous power of Fire. But there is a place in India which has been burning with massive flames for the past hundred years. Sounds Impossible.
Jharia coal mines in Dhanbad city of Jharkhand are the most prominent coal mines in India. They are well renowned for their production of “Coke.” Though the Britishers initially managed the mines, Gujarati people took over the control post the independence.
These mines are widespread in over 100 square miles of Area. And the underground flames were first experienced in 1916. And since these hazardous flames have remained untamed.
Jharia Coal mine is still burning?
Though the current government under the supervision of Prime Minister Narendra Modi is making immense efforts to cease such grave concern, it would certainly cost India a huge economic crisis, which is quite sensitive at this moment of time.
It would cost a massive 1 billion dollars to evacuate the place and find the workers a new shelter to live and also to shut the untameable flames beneath the ground.
These lethal flames are now aggravating to more than 50 feet, which can certainly be felt by the workers or the nearby natives around the mines. But the question which arises in everyone’s mind is why was this grave-concern not ceased in its initial stages?
Is economy more important than the lives of the innocents? Is there no regard for human life? But these people have nowhere else to go as well and to manage the burden of their responsibilities, and it becomes inevitable for them to pick up their tools and work day in day out to satisfy the pangs in their stomachs. People are certainly living on the edge of the sword in Jharia Coal mines.
Jharia CoalField Underground Fire
Jharia underground fires have to lead to a certain blockage of coal, as well. It is estimated that 37 million tons of coal have succumbed to the brutal power of Flames.
Though it is not impossible to shut the flames down, certain measures can eventually lead to preventing the harmful effects of the underground flames. At this moment, the workers have access to the Gps and other motion detectors, which makes it quite easy for them to detect a danger-prone area.
But, it is just like avoiding the inevitable. The government should take immediate measures to avoid a huge catastrophe, which would consume a huge population and property as well.
Jharia Coal Mine Fire and It’s Impact
In the current scenario, The harmful elements which are extracted from the coal mines have 40% effluents of toxic Hydrogen compounds. This certainly is life threatening by all means.
The oxidation breaths fire to these flames, which is the sole reason why underground flames are aggravating for such a long period. Thus, the government should invest in controlling such elements as well.
These sorts of underground fires have even prevailed in countries like the USA and China, as well. But it seems that the whole world is specifically putting the blame on Indian territory for the emission of hazardous elements causing damages to the Ozone layer as well.
But the Indian government desperately needs to focus on the lives of thousands of people living in such sensitive places, as no one knows what nature is going to offer in the very next moment!
Jharia-झरिया में लगी है दुनिया की सबसे खौफनाक आग/100 years fire