दोस्तों, अभी चुनाव का समय है और झरिया, धनबाद के प्रदुषण का मुद्दा जोरो पर हैं यहाँ। चूँकि यहाँ ढेर सारे कोल् माइनिंग हैं इसलिए कोयला से उठे धुँए और डस्ट से यहाँ काफी मात्रा में प्रदुषण बढ़ गया हैं जो पर्यावरण और यहाँ के लोगो के लिए खतरा हो गया हैं |
मैंने बहुत पहले एक पोस्ट किया था इससे पढ़े आप, कि कैसे झरिया-धनबाद के लोग प्रदुषण के शिकार हो रहे हैं और बीमारी से ग्रषित हो रहे हैं |
यहाँ के लोकल समाचार पत्र में भी लगभग रोज ही झरिया-धनबाद के प्रदुषण का मुद्दा उठाया जा रहा है लेकिन अभी तक ऐसा कोई एक्शन नहीं लिया गया हैं | कुछ महत्वपूर्ण अख़बार के पन्ने देखे |
मैं झरिया के एक लोकप्रिय कार्टूनिस्ट और पर्यावरण सामाजिक कार्यकर्ता अख़लाक अहमद दवारा झरिआ पर बनाये गए कार्टून शेयर कर रहा हूँ |
दोस्तों हमें जल्द से जल्द हमारे प्रदेश के मुख्य मंत्री जी से इस मुद्दे पर बात करनी चाहिए | यहाँ के रहने वाले लोगो को आगे आकर आवाज़ उठानी चाहिए | ताकि सरकार इस पर कुछ करवाई कर सके| हमें केवल सरकार पर ही आश्रित नहीं होने चाहिए और आगे आकर हमें प्रदुषण के रोकथाम के लिए उपाय करने चाहिए, जैसे खूब पेड़ लगाने चाहिए | हमें लोगो को इसके बारे में जागरूक करना चाहिए |
मैं पहले भी प्रदुषण के उपायों पर पोस्ट कर चूका हूँ, आप यहाँ पढ़ सकते हैं |
How To Deal With Pollution By Coal Dust, Coal Mining, Coal Pollution
Out of the many ways to produce energy needed to create electricity or steel, a key one is coal. Coal is available in abundance across the world and it can be easily mined.
Coal Pollution Facts
It is a low-cost raw material for energy production and hence is used in large quantities for generating it. However, excessive use of coal has resulted in immense pollution of the environment and hazard to human life.
What can be done to stop this problem? The use of technology that prevents bad emissions when coal is burnt and implementation of new processes by which coal burning is more efficient helps to significantly reduce emissions.
Problems Caused By The Burning Of Coal
When burning coal what is released into the environment is gases such as sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon dioxide (CO2), Mercury and other heavy metals, fly ash, bottom ash and particulates.
Each of these pollutants can create severe and incurable health problems. For example, carbon-di-oxide is a greenhouse gas which causes depletion of the ozone layer, without which life on earth is endangered.
Another example is nitrogen oxide which are known to create respiratory illnesses and also lung diseases, which is also seen with sulfur di-oxide.
Coal mining water pollution
The release of mercury into the air and water is known to cause development problems and neurological damage in both humans and animals. The environment is also polluted heavily as can be see when sulphur-di-oxide a causes acid rain and nitrogen creates smog.
Why is coal bad for the environment?
If coal burning is posing such huge health problems and other complications, why is it still used.
Coal Burning Pollution
The primary reason is that it is a low-cost raw material for energy production and is available e around with world in abundance. It can be mixed with biomass field wherein it is required in lesser quantities for the same amount of energy production.
Effects of coal mining on human health
It can be burnt for 24 hours a day so energy can be obtained from it throughout the day. Such being the benefits of using coal, steps need to be put in place, particularly in developing countries to prevent emission from causing huge health and environmental damage.
Steps Taken To Mitigate This Problem
The United States government has implemented the Clean Air Act and also the Clean Water Act which aim to drastically reduce pollution emissions into air and water bodies.
Currently, scientists in the United States are on the path to finding out how coal can be used to produce energy in a more efficient way and are trying to come up with a process through which it can be used to in gain energy, minus the pollution problems in the years to come. Here is a look at the many ways in which pollution from coal dust, coal mining, coal pollution can be controlled:
Functioning of existing plants should be optimized so that they do not emit so much of polluted smoke and also to reduce the amount of electricity used for the purpose of burning coal to gain energy
Refine the way existing combustion technology works so that fewer emissions are let out and also making use of biomass as a fuel so that the amount of carbon-di-oxide is reduced
Conversion of coal into gas and removing various impurities in it so that it is combusted
Capturing carbon-di-oxide from flue gas, storing it underground and then reusing it
Implementing gas desulfurization equipment in coal power plants cleans away sulphur from the smoke generated by burning coal. The smoke is cleaned through the equipment also known as scrubbers and then leaves the smokestack.
Removing impurities from coal has resulting in obtaining higher quality of coal for burning, thus making it energy efficiency and also bringing down the amount of coal needed to produce a single unit of energy
Despite all these steps the real important action to be taken is the discovery of technological breakthrough by which coal-fired plants are able to give pure and affordable energy on a large scale for various purposes. One such breakthrough is CFB technology.
Benefits Of Circulating Fluidised-Bed (CFB) Technology
This technology is already in place in various parts of the United States to ensure that burning of coal and any other fuel into energy is clean and environment friendly.
As the fuel here burns at an unusually low temperature, the result is very little emissions into the environment, unlike what is seen with traditional burning process. It can be used with coal and also other key fuels such as biomass, waste materials, tires, carbon-neutral fuels etc.
In a coal power plant, implementation of CFB technology results in recycling of fuel and limestone particles repeatedly, resulting in high efficiency when burning fuel, capturing any pollutants and then transferring the fuel’s heat energy into high quality steam for producing power.
How does coal mining affect the environment?
The key element that makes CFB technology reliable is the fact that it does not make use of burner inside a furnace to convert coal into energy. It implements a fluidization technology, wherein coal is mixed with limestone which is then burnt at a very low temperature.
How to reduce coal pollution
This process significantly reduces nitrogen oxide release and eliminates sulphur-di-oxide. Hence coal is burnt with the highest efficiency and the energy released is connected into high quality steam that is in turn used to produce power.
When carbon-di-oxide is released from the burning coal in power plants is captured in its concentrate form, sent via pipeline to an underground area or seabed.
Energy released from burning of coal is used to generate electricity but there is no harm done to the environment from CO2 release. This technology enables coal to be used like normal for production of energy, but removes all the negative effects of its burning, thus saving the environment and climate.
By enabling use of coal in a clean way, it removes hindrances to its usage for production of energy.
JKS International School of Learning | DR. J. K. SINHA MEMORIAL ( International School of Learning )
Dr.J.K. Sinha Memorial International School Of Learning is situated in Nawadih, Near Birsa Munda Park and founded by Late Dr. Jitendra Kumar Sinha(J.K.Sinha) and also found the ISL Group(Jharia), Kids Gardens Senior Secondary School and Director of Sahadaya School Complex. Let’s know more about ISL Nawadih.
About Late Dr. J.K.Sinha
He was a renounced educationist, academician, social activist, philanthrope and the pioneer of the 1st CBSE School(1967, ISL, Jharia) in Jharkhand.
Dr.JKS Memorial International School of Learning
Address: Bhuli Hirak Rd, Beside Birsa Munda Park, Nawadih, Dhanbad, Jharkhand 826004, India Phone: +91 94311 20019(As Per Google Listing)
Special Features of ISL Nawadih
Air Conditional Classroom
These are the special features of this school.
How to Take Admission in ISL Nawadih School Near Birsa Munda Park
The school management gives admission notice in the month of December every year and called all parents with children for taking test. Once you selected, all admission procedures are done in February. Classes start for new session in April on-wards. You can contact the school management for updated fees structure. I remember, my daughter has taken admission and her total admission fees, annual charges and one month fee was Around Rs 6000. Monthly Fees for LKG was Rs 1100. You can contact them for updated fee structure.
JHARIA MASTER PLAN – Dealing With Fire, Subsidence & Rehabilitation
Everything You Need To Know About It
Jharia, one of the largest mining sites in Jharkhand, is facing problems with subsidence issues and constant fire damage in recent times. Under lease to the Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL) Company the Jharia coalfield problems are the result of intense mining activity in the area for over a century.
Jharia Master Plan
The most prevalent issue is the rehabilitation and subsidence of the numerous illegal encroachers who have settled in around 25 different fire-affected areas in the Jharia coalfield area. You can read the Jharia coal field history.
To tackle these issues firsthand the Government of India approved the Jharia master plan in August of 2009. The plan is estimated to have an investment of around INR 7,112 crores for the Jharia rehabilitation and the Jharia subsidence issues. The plan was set to be implemented in around 10 years, post the first 2 years.
Brief Overview of Jharia Master Plan for Fire, Rehabilitation & Subsidence
The Jharia master plan outlines the following aspects for Jharia rehabilitation, resettlement and Jharia subsidence by BCCL for its employees and their families:
Rehabilitation requirements – Jharia rehabilitation and resettlement entails that BCCL build 25,000 homes, with an estimated cost of around INR 1,068 crores. The rehabilitation is to be done in phases. The priority for resettlement has been given for constructing 15,852 homes urgently, for subsidence and fire-affected families of BCCL employees.
Resettlement plan – Under the Jharia rehabilitation point, in Phase-I, around 12,642 homes were to be completed but the figure is down to 7,926 homes. Under Phase-II, around 12,538 homes were required but after adjustment with current projected estimates, this number is down to 7,926 homes too. The company plans to finish Phase-I and Phase-II of the Jharia master plan by 2021. The adjusted figures are the result of considering reduction in employees within the next 5 to 6 years.
Construction update – Under the ongoing implementation of the Jharia master plan, around 5,576 homes have been constructed completely and another 9,424 homes are under-construction. In all, 2,612 families have been reportedly resettled into new accommodations, till last update.
Final conclusion – As per present progress pace and projected estimates from experts, BCCL is well-ahead of schedule and may be able to completely execute the Jharia rehabilitation phase of the Jharia master plan by next year, 2019.
Jharia rehabilitation, resettlement and subsidence
The Jharia master plan outlines the following aspects for Jharia rehabilitation, resettlement and Jharia subsidence by JRDA for those affected by fires in the Jharia coalfield region:
Rehabilitation requirements – According to latest reports, JRDA has been able to excel and completed socio-economic and demographic surveys of 84,497 families from 569 sites, as opposed to surveying only 54,159 families from 595 sites, as outlined in the Jharia master plan.
Resettlement plan – Under the Jharia master plan, JRDA has been tasked with constructing a total of 54,159 homes. These are to be completed in two phases and need to be completed within 10 years.
Construction update – The JRDA authorities have successfully constructed a total of 3,072 homes, and have shifted 1,272 families in these, as per latest report. Out of the total, 720 additional houses were constructed under the Jharia master plan in which 103 families were resettled.
Final conclusion – According to latest update, is planning construction of an additional 8,000 homes apart from the 2,352 homes planned under the demonstration scheme.
Latest Update of Jharia Master Plan for Jharia Rehabilitation & Jharia Subsidence
Protest over rehabilitation scheme’s ambiguous nature
According to latest news reports, BCCL has courted controversy and backlash from various corners with their latest action. The company issued yet another appeal to the illegal encroachers in over 24 of their fire-hit Jharia coalfield areas to move to safer place, despite having fewer rehabilitation homes ready than is presently required.
Apart from this, there is widespread concern regarding the specific criteria that entails resettlement as well as the lack of solid data on the 595 fire-affected sites before 2004.
BCCL, through their Shimla Bahal Colliery issued a notice application in newspapers addressing the illegal encroachers of around 21 areas to vacate immediately, lest they face the same fate as that faced by those living in the nearby Indirachowk area in November of 2014 and Tarabagan area in August of 2016.
Safely evacuation and resettlement From Jharia Coal Fire
The company also stated that most of their employees, along with their families, have been safely evacuated and resettled in safer areas. For the rest, the up-coming retirement will mean that they will have to vacate their homes, as per company policy. For the families of non-BCCL employees, the Jharia master plan entails sufficient resettlement and rehabilitation.
The company defended the move by stating that the appeal is in accordance to the plan which requires shifting employees and families from the 42 high-threat areas out of the total 595, in order to avoid any incident.
However, the appeal was met with protest from residents of the area, most of them asking the feasibility of resettlement despite the JRDA lacking sufficient accommodations for those asked to evacuate. The criteria of 2004 being the cut-off for seeking resettlement under the Jharia master plan is also a point of dispute amongst the residents in these areas.
The government’s stance on Jharia rehabilitation
In contrast, the Additional District Magistrate (Law and Order) stated that there is no confusion about the criteria for resettlement as the Jharia master plan includes providing rehabilitation to those who have settled in the area after 2004 as well.
The ADM also added that the rehabilitation process is being expedited with the help of various agencies who are tasked with verification of over 91,000 families in the fire-hit Jharia coalfield region and affected from Jharia coal dust pollution.
The verification process is said to be completed within the next two months. For those not eligible for the master plan’s Jharia rehabilitation scheme, they will be included in other government scheme for resettlement.
In addition, the ADM also stated that JRDA currently has around 550 vacant quarters at Belgharia and an additional 2,000 homes are being constructed as well.