Jharia Coal Field History

Positive effects of JHARIA Coal field

Maharajkumari Snehalata kumari Devi said that Coal was introduced in the year 1888 during the period of Raja Durga Prasad Singh. But coal activities were started in the year 1894. These were the British Period, then the Rulers of India. In JHARIA, The British authorized the Raja of JHARIA with all the underground as well as surface Powers. In the Lieu of that the British Empire received Royalty or Rent from Raja of JHARIA.

Many outsiders mainly Gujrati Community and Marwari community people took lease from Raja for Business purpose. The Positive effects that happened during this course of time were that lots of people migrated from different parts of the country and started earning money.

Jharia Coal Field History

Slowly JHARIA was converting into a business Hub from a thinly populated town. Along with it local people got opportunity to work and earn their livelihood. JHARIA is the only source of coking coal in India.

Raja Kali Prasad Singh in his early age during the year 1944 due to his modern outlook opened ” Selected Khas JHARIA colliery ” ( Coal mines) for Business purpose located back side of Purana Rajaghar area now called Bakarhata.

He supplied coal to BENGAL.( company Burn and Co and many more) .They took coal for brick factory, sugar factory, steelmaking and even personal use. Later TISCO and Khora Ramji took lease from Raja Kali Prasad Singh Ji. The economy of JHARIA people increased as lots of people were appointed in these coal mines and JHARIA Prospered.

After Nationalization of coal in 1971, only coking coal was Nationalized, Non – coking coal was not. Taking this opportunity Raja Bishweshwar Prasad Singh along with Raja Madan Mohan Singh ( Ex MLA  Baghmara Constituency, Dhanbad) of  Telmocho Zamindari started coal mines in Mohuda.

Dealers used to come from U.P and sold in Banaras Coal Mandie’s. Mining Act came into being in the year 1964 and GOVERNMENT of India took the underground rights from The Raja Of JHARIA (Shri Raja Kali Prasad Singh) and things changed.

Information Shared by Maharajkumari Snehalata kumari Devi