Jharia rehabilitation & development authority JRDA
Jharia rehabilitation & development authority JRDA has been established in December 2004. It is for implementation of Rehabilitation and Resettlement of Non-BCCL people who have been residing in fire and near by affected areas of Jharia Coalfield.
JRDA Jharia Rehabilitation and Resettlement
I want to write about JRDA in Jharia.in to tell about this organization and its working style. This organization has given many people a new life. They shifted many people in a safe place who has been living in fire areas.
Jharia action plan
The main goal of this organization is Shifting, rehabilitation/resettlement and welfare of the said families residing at coal fire and subsidence affected areas of Jharia Coalfield under the jurisdiction of Dhanbad district.
Jharia master plan
Master plan for dealing with fire, subsidence and rehabilitation by the Central Mine Planning & Design Institute ltd.
I am sharing the latest master plan PDF, you can check and download to know about it. Jharia and Raniganj coal fields are struggling with fire since many years and these problems have been taken by many organization with the help of BCCL(Bharat Coking Coal limited) time to time.
Go through the shared pdf by JRDA, you will be able to see and understand the same.
For latest news and updates on Jharia, visit JRDA.in for JRDA dhanbad latest news.
I will update this in future about JRDA. Trying to arrange more information.
Maharajkumari Snehalata kumari Devi said that Coal was introduced in the year 1888 during the period of Raja Durga Prasad Singh. But coal activities were started in the year 1894. These were the British Period, then the Rulers of India. In JHARIA, The British authorized the Raja of JHARIA with all the underground as well as surface Powers. In the Lieu of that the British Empire received Royalty or Rent from Raja of JHARIA.
Many outsiders mainly Gujrati Community and Marwari community people took lease from Raja for Business purpose. The Positive effects that happened during this course of time were that lots of people migrated from different parts of the country and started earning money.
Jharia Coal Field History
Slowly JHARIA was converting into a business Hub from a thinly populated town. Along with it local people got opportunity to work and earn their livelihood. JHARIA is the only source of coking coal in India.
Raja Kali Prasad Singh in his early age during the year 1944 due to his modern outlook opened ” Selected Khas JHARIA colliery ” ( Coal mines) for Business purpose located back side of Purana Rajaghar area now called Bakarhata.
He supplied coal to BENGAL.( company Burn and Co and many more) .They took coal for brick factory, sugar factory, steelmaking and even personal use. Later TISCO and Khora Ramji took lease from Raja Kali Prasad Singh Ji. The economy of JHARIA people increased as lots of people were appointed in these coal mines and JHARIA Prospered.
After Nationalization of coal in 1971, only coking coal was Nationalized, Non – coking coal was not. Taking this opportunity Raja Bishweshwar Prasad Singh along with Raja Madan Mohan Singh ( Ex MLA Baghmara Constituency, Dhanbad) of Telmocho Zamindari started coal mines in Mohuda.
Dealers used to come from U.P and sold in Banaras Coal Mandie’s. Mining Act came into being in the year 1964 and GOVERNMENT of India took the underground rights from The Raja Of JHARIA (Shri Raja Kali Prasad Singh) and things changed.
Information Shared by Maharajkumari Snehalata kumari Devi
It is surprising and also disturbing to note that what offers scope for huge commercial profits is also an immense source of pollution and the worst health ailments that mankind has ever known. We are talking about the Jharia coalfields. It consists of 23 mines that lay underground and 9 large open ones, all now burning with high flames.
Jharia coalfield fire started 100 years ago
The fires raging in Jharia’s coal mines have been going on an astounding hundred years. It’s very difficult to put out any of them because once a coal seam has been ignited, unless it is snuffed early, it will go on for tens to even hundreds of years. So, though the abundant coal fields of Jharia are the most productive in the country, yielding very high quality coal, they are also the source of the worst pollutants.
Jharia coal Fire
A huge amount of poisonous gases are let into the atmosphere from mines on the surface. Furthermore, fires burning in the underground mines here have also created massive sinkholes that have taken the lives of many. Emissions from these fires are highly toxic as tests show that they have 40 to 50 hydrocarbons mentioned in britannica.com, many of which are carcinogenic. No steps were taken in the past on pollution and environment control here.
Impact of coal mining on the environment and people living close by
Coal contains sulfur and many dangerous metals such as lead, arsenic and mercury, which get released into the air when it is burnt and this is great risk for our health . As coal is largely made up of carbon, it releases a tremendous amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which is known to increase the greenhouse effect and cause global warming. When coal is extracted on the subsurface area, the mines have a tendency to collapse thus trapping miners.
People living closely the mines get black lung disease from pollutants arising from burning coal and coal particles. They can also get lung inflammation and respiratory problems. Coal that is removed from mountains results in removal of layers from the mountain top, which changes the landscape and disrupts the fragile ecosystem in the area. The smoke can also affect water bodies, contaminate them and increase their acidity levels. Land around the coal mine is unfertile and no vegetation grows in it. The temperature of the area increases and this combined with smoke can cause suffocation.
“Dr. S. K. Bhagania in his private clinic in Jharia, holding up an X-ray for a coal-mining patient revealing a mass in the lungs. Many of those working in the coal industry and living near the open fires suffer from severe respiratory ailments including tuberculosis, pneumoconiosis and asthma. Credit Souvid Datta”
If The Environment and Health Problems Due To Coal Mining Are So Bad, Why Are We Still Relying On Jharia Coal Mines as a Source of Energy?
The Jharia coal mines were initiated in the late 1800s. The first fire broke out in 1916 and till today, it continues to rage, thus contributing to global warming. The question arises… why any action is not taken by the government to stop work in these mines completely.
The answer is simple. These coal mines provide the highest quality coal in the country and mining coal from them fuels the country’s rapid economic growth. It also stops the country from importing this grade of coal for energy purposes. While countries in the West are now thriving because of their huge technological advancement, developing nations like India, still really on coal resources for energy supply. Though the Modi Government has given hopes of making heavy investment into Solar energy, still it is not possible to move right away into it.
Furthermore, Jharia coal fields have not been used to their complete potential as a huge amount of coal is lost to burning fires. Before taking action on how to put out the fires, we must learn how much is financial lost by the burning fires. It is estimated that 37 million tons of coal, with could have fetched billions of dollars if they had been mined has been lost to the fires.
Adding to this is another 1.4 billion metric tons of coal which cannot be accessed anymore as raging fires are blocking them. These huge figures make it imperative for them to be put down right away so that their potential can be turned into a huge economical gain for the country.
By putting out the fires huge profits can be gained from them. Hence talks are in progress to have them put out for this purpose… the question is when will that happen completely?
What Is The Government Doing About The Health And Environmental Issues Of Coal Mining?
The first step taken by the government towards this is seen in efforts to relocate villages and settlements at a further distance from the mines, so that the fires can be extinguished. This is also protecting people from the pollution caused by their flames. These activities are expensive and the estimated cost is 1 billion dollars.
The next step is initiation of activities that put out the fires. In case of near surface fires, the area above the fire has to be smoothened out so that heavy equipment can be taken over it. The entire fire zone is then cordoned into a grid structure and holes are drilled in it about 20 meters apart.
Water is injected into the holes and this process must go on for one or two years. The area should be then covered by silt. Underground fires can be extinguished by first isolating the affected area with dam constructions and then feeding an inert gas like nitrogen through pipelines into the area for a period of time to douse flames. These methods should be followed to put out Jharia coal field fires and make them usable again.
I have taken some photographs which has been used in Sabji Patti Jharia Durga Puja Pandal to show the truth about Jharia. Have a look:
Share your comments and opinions in the comment section to discuss about the Jharia Coal Mines and Pollution control.